Topic writing skills
Please read and see attached file!
This examination will give you practice applying all the writing skills
you’ve learned in the first four study units by developing two separate
paragraphs of 8“12 sentences each.
You’ve applied for a specific job in your field of study. The Human
Resources Department arranges an interview and tells you to bring with
you a polished piece of writing for them to evaluate your writing skills.
The paragraph must describe one particular experience you’ve had that
inspired you or guided you to choose the type of position for which you
Your audience is your potential employer and your purpose is to show
you have thought carefully about what and/or who has motivated you
toward this career choice and why. In addition, you want to convey your
enthusiasm for this position as it relates to your inspiring experience.
Take time to think about what your audience wants to know and strive
to reach a balance between informal and formal business writing.
1. Prewrite about your field of study and create a specific job for
which you might want to apply at a particular business or organization
in your area. Outline what that position would look like.
Brainstorm details, names, titles, and facts to provide depth to your
paragraph and enable you to write a polished paragraph.
2. Freewrite about the different experiences you’ve had that motivated
you to choose your area of study. Pick one on which to
focusone that triggers sparks of enthusiasm. Review your prewriting
and choose what’s most pertinent to the experience and position.
Decide on an organizational pattern, such as a chronological outline,
and arrange those details into a logical, coherent flow.
3. Open a Word document and type the heading Paragraph 1. Begin
your rough draft with the topic sentence, in which you state the
position and place, as well as your reason for wanting to be hired
as it relates to your inspiring experience. Develop the experience
you organized in Step 2. Include not only details about the one
experience, but also show how that experience inspired you, particularly
as it relates the position for which you’re applying. Develop
your paragraph using clear, varied sentences containing concrete
words and transitions or connectives to create a logical flow. Show
enthusiasm, yet maintain a somewhat formal tone.
Your favorite cousin has moved to your town and is looking for a job.
Her previous experiences are working as a cashier and sales clerk at two
department stores. You know she plans to apply at similar stores in your
town. But you also know she is a perfect match for a job opening as a
reliable assistant to your boss. You know she has the skills, though she
doesn’t think she is as capable as she is, and you’re sure she’d be good
at this job.
Your goal is to persuade your cousin to apply for the job. You email her
a paragraph explaining the specifics of the job and the reasons she
should apply. You want to convince her that she has the job skills
required. You’ll use an informal tone, of course, but will take care to use
correct business writing to show her that you take your recommendation
1. Using your imagination, create the kind of skills the job as boss’s
assistant requires. Make up names for your boss and the company,
as well as any facts that might help you prove your case to your
cousin. Freewrite about the skills you’ve seen her show in other
settings and about how you can convince her to use those abilities
in this position. In addition, consider personality traits that show
she would work well with your boss. Also make up details and figures
about how this job will benefit your cousin personally and
2. Circle the information your cousin most needs to hear to be persuaded
to apply for this job. You won’t be able to use everything
you made up. Organize the details and explanation using an order
of importance pattern.
3. Open the Word document containing your draft of Paragraph 1 and
begin a new page. Type the heading Paragraph 2 and draft your
8“12 sentence paragraph. Begin with the topic sentence, in which
you establish your confidence in your cousin and spark her interest
in applying for this job. Develop your paragraph using clear, varied
sentences and concrete words with transitions or connectives that
create a logical flow. Use the information you’ve identified as most
important and make your paragraph as persuasive as possible.
Revising, Editing, and Proofreading
1. Print a clean copy of the rough drafts. First identify the topic sentence.
Although you’ve learned that in some paragraphs the main
idea is understood, your assignment for each paragraph requires
you to establish your first sentence as your topic sentence. Rewrite
the first sentence to make it interesting and to flow clearly into the
next sentence. Then check that every other sentence in the paragraph
directly develops and supports your first sentence. Cross
out any sentences in which you got sidetracked or started another
major thought not directly necessary to developing the topic sentence.
Revise your paragraph so you fully develop your focus with
clear, logical reasoning. Develop further explanation or details as
needed to fill any gaps.
2. Continue revising by comparing the end of each sentence with the
beginning of the next. Be sure you’ve included proper connectives
to guide your reader from one idea to the next. Restructure those
sentences where you find a gap or break in flow because you shifted
focus or perspective.
3. Your next task is to start from the end of the paragraph and look at
each sentence separately. Does each one represent a complete
thought or is it a fragment needing to be connected to another sentence
in some way? Does it contain two independent clauses
running together with only a comma between them? Correct the
problems. Compare sentence length and structure throughout the
paragraph to make sure you’ve included some complex sentences.
Check the first five words of each sentence. Make sure you vary the
opening to provide your reader with variety. Remember that you
must have 8“12 sentences in your paragraph.
4. Edit and proofread by applying the skills from all four study units,
including word choice, grammar, spelling, usage, and punctuation.
5. Prepare a final typed draft of each paragraph formatted according to
the submission instructions. Submit only your final draft of each in
one Word document. Do not include your prewriting, drafting, or
The school will use the following criteria to evaluate your two paragraphs.
Be sure you’ve revised and edited your work after reviewing
¢ Sufficient detail/support (30 points)
Each paragraph uses specific details, facts, and figures to support
your controlling idea and the purpose of the assignment. The
description and analysis of the experience for Paragraph 1 clearly
show how and why you chose the area of employment and your
excitement about that field of study. Paragraph 2 contains enough
proof to convince the cousin that she has the skills and the job is
beneficial for her.
¢ Unified, coherent development (20 points)
Each paragraph represents a unified whole and shows coherent
development. It maintains a single, organized focus without clutter.
You show thoughtful use of appropriate transitions and connective
discussion to guide the reader and to maintain clear focus. Each
sentence flows logically and clearly to the next sentence.
¢ Clear topic sentence (10 points)
Each paragraph has only one strong topic sentence appropriate to
the assignment and audience. It’s the first sentence. Every other
sentence in the paragraph develops/supports that topic sentence.
¢ Sentence structure (10 points)
Each sentence is correctly structured. Each paragraph effectively
uses a variety of sentence structures and length to achieve the purpose
of the assignment. There are no run-on sentences or
¢ Grammar, word usage, spelling, punctuation (20 points)
Each paragraph contains correct word usage as fits the audience,
the purpose, and the assignment, showing application of skills covered
in all four study units. The essay is free of grammar, spelling,
and punctuation errors.
¢ Length and format (10 points)
Each paragraph uses the assigned heading and is double-spaced
using Times New Roman, font size 12. Each paragraph