The generalizability of a research study is dictated by how well the sample represents the selected population. In the early stages of research design, the sample and requisite sample size need to be determined. In addition, how the selected population will be accessed must be considered. Without an adequate sample size, while the research may still be valid and informative, it is less likely that the results may be generalized to the larger population. When reading research reports, or conducting your own analysis, it is important not to over generalize research findings if the sample size does not warrant application of the findings to the larger population.
I am to select one article and examine carefully the sampling procedures and then generalizations made regarding the findings. With these thoughts in mind, respond to the following based on your selected article.
1.) What type of sampling technique was used? (Name the technique based on what was presented in Chapter 11.)
2.) Are the conclusions of the article within the boundaries of the sample? Alternatively, have the authors generalized beyond the ability of the sample?
3.) Have the authors misused the sampling technique in any way and, if so, how?
SEE BELOW LITERATURE REVIEW LIST
Abar. C. Patrick, M. E (2008) .How important are Parent during college years? . Journal of addictive behavior 33, 1360Ã¢?1368.
Barnes. G.M. (2000). Effect of parenting on adolescent development of alcohol abuse. Journal of marriage and family 62 : 175-186.
Elizza R., Weitzman. (2005).Youth smoking risk and community pattern of alcohol availability. A multilevel study. Journal of epidemiology and community health 59:1065-107
George K. Makini, Jr, Earl S. Hishinuma, S. Peter Kim, Barry S. Carlton, Robin H. Miyamoto, Linda B. Nahulu Ronald C. Johnson, Naleen N. Andrade,Stephanie T. Nishimura, and Iwalani R. N. Else . (2001). Risk and protective factors related to native Hawaiian adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Alcohol and Alcoholism 36(3): 235-242.
Jenny M. Eklund and Britt Klinteberg.(2009). Alcohol Use and Patterns of Delinquent Behavior in Male and Female Adolescents. Journal of Alcohol and Alcoholism 44(6): 607-614 .
Peter Anderson, ,Avalon de Bruijn, ,Kathryn Angus, Ross Gordon, and Gerard Hastings.(2009).Impact of Alcohol Advertising and Media Exposure on Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies Alcohol and Alcoholism 44(3): 229-243
Perkins, H.W.(2001).Estimated blood alcohol levels reached by œbinge and œnon binge drinkers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15 (4), 317-320, p. 319
Ross Gordon, Anne Marie MacKintosh and Crawford Moodie . (2010). The Impact of Alcohol Marketing on Youth Drinking Behaviour: A Two-stage Cohort Study . Journal of Alcohol and Alcoholism 45(5): 470-480
Scott R. Weaver, JeeWon Cheong, David P. MacKinnon, and Mary Ann Pentz.(2011).
Investigating Ethnic Differences in Adolescent Alcohol Use and Peer Norms Using Semi-Continuous Latent Growth Models. Journal of Alcohol and Alcoholism 46(5): 620-626 .
Shannon Hurtz, Lisa Henriksen,Yun Wang, Stephen P.(2007).The relationship between exposure to alcohol advertising in stores owing alcohol promotional items and adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Alcohol and Alcoholism 42(2): 143-149.
Swahn . M.H, Monica.H (2010). Preteen alcohol use initiation and suicide attempt among middle and high school students: Findings from the 2006 Georgia Student Health Survey . Journal of addictive behavior 35(5) 452-458