Mental Health Integration in Humanitarian Settings
Type of service: Research Paper
Spacing: Double spacing
Paper format: APA
Number of pages: 40 pages
Number of sources: 40 sources
check the attached report the revise the paper
Please Carry out a literature review in accordance with the below outline, and utilizing papers that are specific to *humanitarian settings * low and middle income countries * mental health integration * 85% of references need to be articles published in the last 5 years.
Section One: Mental Health in Humanitarian Crises
1.1. Why is it Important?
1.2. Projected Rates of Mental Disorder after Disasters
1.3. Effects on Daily Functioning
1.4. Effects on National Health Services and Systems
Section details. This section will detail the WHO estimates of mental and neurological disorders, and the higher risk for developing mental health problems in humanitarian emergencies. The section will further explore effects of mental disorders on affected communities, and the strain on fragile national health services and systems in low and middle-income countries, that are unable to meet the mental health needs of local and displaced populations.
Section Two: Available Resources for Mental Health Care in Low and Middle-Income Countries
2.1. Mental Health Policy and Plans
2.2. Mental health services
2.3. Community resources
2.4. Human resources
2.5. Financial resources
Section details. This section will discuss the general availability of mental health policies and resources for the provision of mental health care in low and middle-income countries affected by humanitarian crisis.
Section Three: Disproportionate Access to Mental Health Care
3.1. Socioeconomic status
3.2. Stigma and discrimination
3.3. Human rights
Section details. This section will explore the inequitable distribution of mental health care between countries, between regions, and within communities, linked to socioeconomic deprivation, stigma, and human rights violations.
Section Four: Closing the Treatment Gap
4.1. Importance of mental health integration into general health care
4.2. Resources to design and implement integrated mental health services
Section details. This section will detail WHO’s recommendation for mental health integration within general healthcare systems for closing the mental health treatment gap in low and middle-income countries and provide an overview of existing resources available to humanitarian actors, government and donor agencies for designing and implementing mental health services.
Section Five: Scaling Up Integrated Mental Health Programs in Humanitarian Settings
5.1. Ineffective processes for mental health integration
5.2. Planning and assessment as part of MH Integration into general healthcare in humanitarian settings
5.3. Capacity building as part of MH Integration into general healthcare in humanitarian settings
5.4. Strengthening mental health services and systems as part of MH Integration into general healthcare in humanitarian settings
5.5. Cross cutting areas for mental health service planning and implementation: Advocacy, networking, coordination, sustainability, and monitoring and evaluation.
Section details. This section will provide an overview of efforts for mental health integration within general healthcare in humanitarian settings, and the field level challenges across steps for mental health integration, including planning and assessment, capacity building, strengthening mental health services and systems, and other cross cutting areas comprising advocacy, networking, coordination, sustainability, and monitoring and evaluation.
NOTE: Each section of the review should have an introduction, presentation of the evidence, and conclusions.
An intro to each section: Provide the aim and scope of your discussion. What is the intent of this section of the review? Provide the context for your discussion. Narrow your focus to provide a logical and thorough discussion. Your intent should be clear. What are the key elements, issues, or challenges that serve as a foundation for your academic discourse? Based on the context provided, what are the two or three discussion points you will present? Clearly establish your approach to this section of the literature review.
The body of each section: A. Assert your first topic or discussion point. This should be highlighted in your introduction above. Provide context for this topic. B. Present the supporting evidence from the current literature. One approach is a compare type of discussion where you use information from different researchers.
The conclusion of each section: articulate or draw conclusions based on the evidence presented.
Preliminary List of References for Literature Review
Asare, J., & Jones, L. (2005). Tackling mental health in Sierra Leone. British Medical Journal, 331(7519), 720–0. doi:10.1136/bmj.331.7519.720-b
Bartolucci, A. A., & Hillegass, W. B. (2010). Overview, strengths, and limitations of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence-based practice: Toward optimizing clinical outcomes, 17-33. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-05025-1_2
Creswell, J.W. (2013). Research design. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. ISBN: 13-9781452226101
Davis, M. M., Howk, S., Spurlock, M., McGinnis, P. B., Cohen, D. J., & Fagnan, L. J. (2017). A qualitative study of clinic and community member perspectives on intervention toolkits: Unless the toolkit is used it won’t help solve the problem. BMC health services research, 17(1), 497. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2413-y
Dua, T. et al. (2011). Evidence-based guidelines for mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in low-and middle-income countries: Summary of WHO recommendations. PLoS Medicine, 8(11). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001122
Hijazi, Z., Weissbecker, I., & Chammay, R. (2011). The integration of mental health into primary health care in Lebanon. Intervention, 9(3), 265-278.
International Medical Corps (2016). Mental health integration into general health care: A step-wise approach. Retrieved from https://internationalmedicalcorps.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Mental-Health-Integration-in-General-Health-Care-03222016-small.pdf
Inter-Agency Standing Committee Reference Group for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings (2007). IASC guidelines on mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings. Geneva: IASC.
Jordans, M. J. D., & Tol, W. A. (2012). Mental health in humanitarian settings: Shifting focus to care systems. International Health, 5(1), 9–10. doi:10.1093/inthealth/ihs005
Keynejad, R. C., Dua, T., Barbui, C., & Thornicroft, G. (2017). WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP) intervention guide: A systematic review of evidence from low and middle-income countries. Evidence Based Mental Health, 21(1), 30–34. doi:10.1136/eb-2017-102750
Mendenhall, E., De Silva, M. J., Hanlon, C., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., Jordans, M., … Lund, C. (2014). Acceptability and feasibility of using non-specialist health workers to deliver mental health care: Stakeholder perceptions from the PRIME district sites in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa, and Uganda. Social Science & Medicine, 118, 33–42. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.07.057
Padmanathan, P., & De Silva, M. J. (2013). The acceptability and feasibility of task-sharing for mental healthcare in low and middle income countries: A systematic review. Social Science & Medicine, 97, 82–86. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.08.004
Patel, V. (2009). The future of psychiatry in low- and middle-income countries. Psychological Medicine, 39(11), 1759. doi:10.1017/s0033291709005224
Rose, S., Bisson, J., Churchill, R., & Wessely, S. (2009). Psychological debriefing for preventing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi: 10.1002/14651858.cd000560
Sabah et. al. (2011). Integrating mental health into primary health care in Iraq. Mental Health in Family Medicine, 8(1), 39-49.
Thornicroft, G., Chatterji, S., Evans-Lacko, S., Gruber, M., Sampson, N., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., … Kessler, R. C. (2017). Undertreatment of people with major depressive disorder in 21 countries. British Journal of Psychiatry, 210(02), 119–124. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.116.188078
Tol, W. A., Barbui, C., Galappatti, A., Silove, D., Betancourt, T. S., Souza, R., … van Ommeren, M. (2011). Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings: linking practice and research. The Lancet, 378(9802), 1581–1591. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(11)61094-5
Whiteford, H. A., Ferrari, A. J., Degenhardt, L., Feigin, V., & Vos, T. (2015). The global burden of mental, neurological and substance use disorders: An analysis from the global burden of disease study 2010. PLoS One. 10(2). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116820
World Health Organization and World Organization of Family Doctors (2008). Integrating mental health into primary care: A global perspective. WHO Library. Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 156368 0
World Health Organization (2008). The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/en/index.html
World Health Organization (2008). Scaling up care for mental, neurological and substance use disorders: Mental health gap action program. WHO Library. Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 159620 6
World Health Organization (2016). Mental health gap action programme (mhGAP): Intervention guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings, version 2.0. WHO Library, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 154979 0
World Health Organization and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2012). Assessing mental health and psychosocial needs and resources: Toolkit for major humanitarian settings. WHO Library. Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 154853 3
World Health Organization and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2013). Assessment and management of conditions specifically related to stress: mhGAP intervention guide module (version 1.0). WHO Library. Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 150593 2
World Health Organization and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2015). mhGAP humanitarian intervention guide (mhGAP-HIG): Clinical management of mental, neurological and substance use conditions in humanitarian emergencies. WHO Library. Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 154892 2
World Health Organization (2013). Building back better: Sustainable mental health care after emergencies. WHO Library. Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 156457 1