According to Cudd and Jones, the term ˜sexism’ refers to which of the following?
The unjustified systemic disadvantage faced by women.
Anything that involves treating men and women differently.
Anything that makes women less well-off than men.
The widely held belief that women are inferior to men and deserve less.
According to Frye, what is a double bind?
It is a situation where choices are reduced to a few, and all of those choices have bad outcomes.
The double bind is a kind of knot used by sailors.
It is a situation where the choices of an oppressor bind the oppressed.
It is situation where one is bound by multiple social forces and has no choice in what to do.
What is the purpose of Frye’s discussion of the custom of men opening doors for women?
To illustrate an example of a double bind.
To show that some customs based on gender are okay when helpful.
To show that if a man ever opens a door for a woman, he is being sexist.
To illustrate the difference between macroscopic and microscopic modes of analysis.
Which of the following best characterizes the role of sex in advertising according to Bordo?
Sex doesn’t really play a noticeable role in advertising, which is about getting information about a product into the world.
Women’s eating serves as a metaphor for sexual experience, while men’s sexual appetite is a metaphor for their hunger.
Sexual desire is natural for men so it is openly depicted, but for women such desire must be hidden through subtle hints.
Sex sells, so putting attractive members of the opposite sex near product will lead to positive attitudes toward the product.
Which of the following possible causes of poverty does œThe End of Poverty emphasize?
Colonialism as it transformed from political to contemporary economic forms
Political corruption in countries with developing economies
Bad education and work habits among citizens of developing nations
Greed on the part of owners of major companies
œThe Debt of Dictators suggests that the US and other developed nations had which of the following roles in creating the debt of dictators?
Developed nations were largely uninvolved in the debt of dictators
Developed nations were usually forced to loan money to dictators for humanitarian reasons
Developed nations willingly lent money to corrupt dictators because it was profitable to do so
Developed nations borrowed money from dictators to fund extravagant social welfare programs
Which of the following best characterizes Pogge’s thesis?
Most people in the US are actively harming those impoverished around the world, and consequently have an obligation to alleviate poverty
Most people in the US can help the impoverished around the world at little cost; while they are not obligated to do so, they would be more virtuous if they did so
Most people in the US are uninvolved in global injustice, and are not in a position to do anything about it
Most people in the US are not actively harming the impoverished, but can still help them at little cost to themselves, therefore have an obligation to help them
What is an intermediate duty according to Pogge?
An Intermediate duty occupies the mean between excess and deficiency in the character of the agent who acts
Between positive and negative duties, intermediate duty requires action by agents, but is grounded in their duty not to harm others
An intermediate duty is one that balances the costs against the expected benefits of an action
Between perfect and imperfect duties, intermediate duties are always obligatory, but only under certain circumstances