2. Projects should be presented using Powerpoint.
3. Select song lyrics of between 20 to 24 syllables. They must be in English, but they do not have to be Standard English.
4. Have a native speaker and a fluent non-native speaker with a foreign accent read your lyrics. One or both may be you. Record using your microphone and computer or a digital recorder. Do not record to MP3. It is not compatible with the sound analysis program. If you do that, you will have to do the recording over.
5. The first slide will be the title with your name and the song lyrics
6. The second introduces your phonetic transcriptions of your lyrics in [f?’n?tik’f?nt] based on the way your speakers say them. Do this in a narrow phonetic transcription. Include as much detail as you reasonably can to highlight the differences between them.
a. Include stress but not intonation, which is too hard to do. Include the markers for primary ˜ and secondary ? stress to your transcription.
b. Place the native and nonnative one on top of the other for easy reference.
Analysis of Suprasegmental
7. The third slide compares the stress patterns of the two speakers reading your lyrics.
a. The easiest way to do this is to copy the transcriptions and then add commentary, highlighting the differences.
b. You do not need to use a picture of the waveform here. It may be too difficult to interpret.
c. We will not do intonation. It requires too much technical knowledge.
Analysis of Segmentals
8. Pick four differences between the native speaker and non-native speaker. At least one should be a vowel.
9. For analysis of vowels, use Praat.
a. For vowels, find the F1 and F2, and use it to plot the sound. You can have one plot for all.
b. You will need to do this in class because it is easy to slip up, and you can receive help from myself and your classmates.
10. For consonants,
a. Use your ear except for stops. For these, usePraat to measure VOTs.
b. The analysis may be phonological. For example, Spanish native speakers might have [?] for final /n/ or /m/ in words like plan or come. East Asians may have /l/ for /r/. Many may have final obstruent devoicing.
11. Organize other slides by what you are analyzing: phonemes or suprasegmental patterns
12. Present the book’s description of the allophonic variation for that sound, and then your results for a native speaker and a non-native speaker for each allophone. Present this information clearly and in an organized way. Use as many slides as necessary: a lot of text on a powerpoint slide is bad.
13. Add sound files and pictures of the spectrograms when necessary to demonstrate your point.