Historical Essay: Confederation and Constitution
As depression struck the new nation in the mid-1780s, new questions arose about the nature of American
democracy. Many conservatives believed that the answer lay in a stronger national government. Most radicals
believed it was up to the states to relieve the financial burden of the people. These sentiments fostered a
movement for a new constitution. Political differences soon stimulated the creation of political parties.
Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation with the new Constitution of 1787. What were the
strengths and weaknesses of the Articles vis-à-vis the Constitution? Give specific instances that
demonstrate the weakness of the Articles (such as the Western problem).
Then analyze the drafting of the Constitution, using specific details to show how the various states (slave
vs. free, east vs. west) compromised in order to effectively draft a constitution. Pay particular attention
to Roger Sherman’s plan, the Great Compromise, which broke a stalemate that could have been fatal to the
development of the new Constitution.
Compare and contrast the debate over ratification between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Make
sure you cite specific examples from the Federalist Papers to support the Federalist position and contrast
it with leading proponents of the opposition (such as John Hancock). Analyze how the debate over a bill of
rights illustrates the differences between the two parties. Evaluate the relative success of the Bill of
Rights in achieving an effective balance between national and states’ interests.
This paper must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including the References page) and
utilize no less than four academic quality sources. Margins should be no more than one inch (right and left)
and the essay should be composed in an appropriate font and size. Sources must be documented and cited using
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A GOOD DISCOUNT