Discussion Topic 1 – The patient you are evaluating is a 28-year-old male experiencing lower abdominal discomfort and frequent diarrhea (more than 15 bowel movements per day). He reports he has previously experienced episodes of loose stools but it seems to be getting worse. He also reports having lost 15 pounds in the past month. He was seen by a gastroenterologist for a colonoscopy. The colonoscopy reveals inflammation in the rectum, sigmoid colon, ascending colon, and ileum.
Compare , contrast and treatment options for ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s Disease. Include any genetic component or immune factors that may be involved. Diagnose which disease is present in this patient. Support your diagnosis with the s/s presented and the pathophysiology you detailed.
Discuss appropriate short-term and long-term care for this patient. Cite current research findings, national guidelines, and expert opinions and controversies found in the medical and nursing literature to support your position and interventions.