Earth Science and Society

The Midterm exam primarily covers the areas of astronomy and the atmosphere.  In astronomy, special attention should be paid to the lecture notes and the PowerPoint files, as well as the Discussion Boards.  The sections on meteorology and climatology are more dependent on the text and the laboratory exercises, but the discussions and the lecture notes are more conducive to explanation and understanding with an essay-driven format.

For this midterm essay exam you are required to answer all five (5) of the questions. Although there is no set word limit for these essay questions, you will be graded on your knowledge of the material and the detail with which you write your answers. You should take care to cite your sources in APA format and provide full references in a Works Cited list.

Modern astronomy basically begins with the re-emergence of the heliocentric view of the universe by Copernicus.  Who were the four other major contributors to the development of modern astronomy after Copernicus?  Explain what those contributions were.  Finally, why did it take so long for the geocentric view of the universe to be overthrown and what does that tell us about scientific research and our society, even today?
Explain the relationship of geography to other scientific disciplines.  What is a good definition for geography or the geosciences in general?  What are the strengths and weaknesses of geography as a discipline and how do you think that has influenced its development, or lack thereof?
Weather and climate are separate, but related, terms.  Provide a definition of each and then give an example of a concept related to both weather and climate.  Additionally, since they are important issues when dealing with the