3. Synthesize and apply both theory and empirical information to the solution of to a range of investment-decision problems.
4. Reconcile conflict between DCF models for decision-making and using accounting income for evaluating project performance.
You work in the corporate finance department of a major investment bank. One of your clients has expressed an interest in buying Marks and Spencer (M&S). As an investment advisor you wish to value the company so have collected the following information:
Balance sheet as at:
31 Mar 2012 2 April 2011
Non-current assets Â£m Â£m
Intangible assets 584 528
Property plant and equipment 4,790 4,662
Trade and other receivables 270 276
Other 169 236
Inventories 682 685
Trade and other receivables 253 250
Other current assets 329 237
Cash at bank 196 470
Trade and other payables 1,449 1,348
Borrowings and overdrafts 328 602
Current tax liabilities 88 115
Other current liabilities 140 145
Net current assets (545) (568)
Borrowings and others non current liabilities 2,489 2,457
Net assets 2,779 2,677
Share capital (25p shares) 400 396
Share premium account 295 255
Capital redemption reserve 2,203 2,203
Other reserves (6,110) (6,049)
Retained earnings 5,991 5,872
Total equity 2,779 2,677
Share price Div/share1 EPS2
31 Mar 2012 376 17.0 32.5
2 Apr 2011 336 15.7 38.4
Share price at 11 January 2013: 363p
1 This includes the interim dividend paid during the financial year and the final dividend declared but not paid at the year end.
2 This is the fully diluted EPS which is the better measure as it takes into account any new shares that have been issued during the year.
The intangible assets have recently valued and it is thought that they are overstated by Â£50m
The property plant and equipment have recently been valued and it is thought they are understated by Â£28m
There may be Â£7m of debtors (trade receivables) that cannot be collected
The Capital Asset Pricing Model.
Assume the risk free rate of return is 3% and the average return on the market is 5% per cent. Beta for M&S is 0.75
Non Current liabilities
The non-current liabilities pay a coupon of 5%. They are currently being traded at Â£125 per Â£100. You should consider these ˜irredeemable’ They are shown in the balance sheet at their par value.
The share price over the last 12 months is shown below: (courtesy of London stock exchange)
Task 1 Valuation of M&S plc.
(Use only the information contained above for task 1)
a) Net asset value
Calculate the Net asset value per share for M&S and comment on your answer.
b) Cost of capital
i. Calculate the cost of equity capital for M&S plc. using the Capital Asset Pricing Model.
ii. Calculate the cost of debt capital (ignore taxation).
iii. Calculate the weighted average cost of capital WACC.
(use the share price as at 31 March 2012 for the value of equity)
c) The dividend growth model
Use the dividend growth model to:
a) Calculate the theoretical price of a share under the following assumptions: (i) g = 0 (ii) g = 2
b) Comment on your answers in relation to the current share price of 363p
d) Value per share using the price earnings (p/e) ratio
Calculate the price earnings ratio using the share prices as at 31 March 2012 (376p) and 11 January 2013 (363p) and the EPS figure for 2012.
Comment on your answers if the retail industry sector containing M&S has an average p/e ratio of 8.5.
Task 2 Advise your client
Discuss whether you would advise your client to purchase part or all of this company, given that a rival may be about to offer 380p per share
Base your advice on relevant theories and include references to academic literature on the valuation of companies.
You should use the information contained in this case study.
Task 3 Share price tracking
Critically analyse the movement of your chosen share during the period it was being tracked.
Refer to relevant theories and academic literature.